“In December 2000, Ohio Governor Robert Taft signed SB 141, a controversial act designed to minimize the environmental impact of large-scale livestock and poultry farms by strengthening the state’s authority to regulate the industry. The statute mandated a transfer of authority over the Livestock Waste Permitting Program from the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency to the Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA). To help ODA administer the statutes’ new provisions, the bill created a 24-member Concentrated Animal Feeding Facility Advisory Committee. The group first met in June 2001, when ODA Director Fred Dailey requested a draft of recommendations on how to protect the environment and help Ohio’s livestock and poultry industry grow responsibly. Because the provisions of the new bill were so controversial and had been subject to contentious debate between competing environmental and agriculture interests, Dailey encouraged the committee to use negotiated rulemaking to seek consensus on their recommendations.” This case study tells the story of the negotiated rulemaking process and its outcomes.