By the early 2000s, East Baltimore faced many challenges, including the lack of adequate educational resources including a library or safe public spaces. Only 24 percent of adults in the community could read above a third grade level and opportunities for economic development were limited. In 2003, the City of Baltimore created a development corporation, East Baltimore Development, Inc. (EBDI), which would “revitalize, re-energize and rebuild the East Baltimore neighborhood.” EBDI contracted with developers to build-out the master plan and in 2010, with community input, set about opening a new school. After two years of struggles with performance and behavior, EBDI leadership concluded that EBDI was not equipped to own and operate a school. With strong backing from Johns Hopkins, EBDI decided to unite a range of partners to transform the school into an innovative community resource. Johns Hopkins University President Ron Daniels asked Andy Frank, his Special Adviser on Economic Development, to convene the stakeholders (EBDI, JHU, The Annie E. Casey Foundation, The Harry and Jeannette Weinberg Foundation, the community and the city) to begin planning for a permanent elementary/middle school: Elmer A. Henderson: A Johns Hopkins Partnership School and the Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Early Childhood Center. Henderson-Hopkins, as the school is called, is the first public school building built in East Baltimore in more than 20 years.