In the early 2000s, tens of thousands of animals were euthanized each year in New York City shelters due to a lack of awareness of the adoptable animals available in shelters and rescue groups. Many such groups worked independently to find homes for these animals, but a lack of communication and coordination between the groups, the City shelter, and the City hindered their efforts. When Mayor Michael Bloomberg took office in 2002, Jane Hoffman, one of the founding members of the New York City Bar Association’s Animal Law Committee, co-wrote a memo highlighting challenges faced by the city shelter and asked for collaboration with the City government. Her memo began an ongoing cooperation with the City, and the creation of the Mayor’s Alliance for NYC’s Animals, a private non-profit. The Alliance applied for and was granted funds by an animal welfare foundation, Maddie’s Fund, which initially promised the Alliance $15 million and has provided approximately $30 million since 2005. The Alliance provides services and resources to coordinate and enhance the rescue efforts of more than 150 animal rescue groups, city departments, and private companies like Petco. Since 2003, their collaborative efforts have resulted in saving more than 250,000 dog and cats in New York City.