After spending $25 billion over 30 years fighting a “war on gangs,” Los Angeles gang participation and violence had mushroomed. In 2007, Los Angeles had more than 700 individual gangs with 40,000 members; nearly 75 percent of all youth gang homicides in the state of California occurred in Los Angeles County. In response to the crisis, Constance (Connie) Rice, co-director of the Advancement Project, a public policy change organization focused on civil rights issues, spearheaded the development of a 108-page report providing a framework for how the city should approach gang reduction. The assessment, A Call to Action: A Case for a Comprehensive Solution to LA’s Gang Violence Epidemic, included input from 47 subject matter experts and prompted the creation of the Gang Reduction and Youth Development (GRYD) office. This collaborative program implements the city’s new comprehensive, community-building approach to gangs where police officers work hand-in-hand with residents to clean up neighborhoods and prevent violence. Seven years after the initial report, GRYD continues to discourage gang participation by offering productive alternatives to gang culture and helping former gang members transition into contributing members of society, resulting in a significant drop in gang violence in target neighborhoods across Los Angeles.