In 2010, the unemployment rate in the United States was 9.6 percent, with almost 15 million people out of work. At the same time, however, companies like IBM and Siemens observed a lack of qualified candidates for STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) positions. In 2011, for example, for every graduate in computer science, there were seven job openings. Without the relevant skills and credentials, those out of work are not qualified to fill STEM positions, and many companies lack the capacity to supply the necessary education. Stanley Litow, IBM’s Vice President of Corporate Citizenship & Corporate Affairs, and President of the IBM International Foundation, recognized the skills mismatch in the labor market for STEM-driven companies. He worked across sectors to create the Pathways in Technology Early College High School (P-TECH), a grades 9-14 school program designed to equip students with the qualifications needed to compete for high-growth jobs in Information Technology. P-TECH opened in 2011 through a cross-sector collaboration with IBM, the New York City Department of Education, and The City University of New York (CUNY). P-TECH’s goal is to graduate students with a no-cost Associates in Applied Science degree in in-demand fields, to put them on track to enter jobs in the STEM field at companies like IBM.